Sonora semiannulata
Ground Snake

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Other Names:
Subspecies: Variable Ground Snake Sonora semiannulata semiannulata
Description: A small, 8"-18" colorful snake. Dorsal patterns of brown, gray, olive and orange above with dorsal patterns that greatly vary e.g. dark crossbands may encircle body form, a broad dorsal stripe runs down the back and some are a uniform body color. All of these variations may be found in the same location. Anal divided. Scales smooth and glossy.
Similar Species: Black-headed snakes have a black head, no loreal scale and lack crossbands on body. Longnoses have white or yellow fleckingn their black bands.
Venom: None
Habitat: A secretive snake of arid and semiarid regions of rock and gravel, sandy areas that has some sub surface moisture. Frequents river bottoms, desert flats, sandy hammocks and rocky hillsides.
Behavior: A secretive nocturnal snake. Sometimes found in groups.
Reproduction: Lays 3-7 eggs.
Diet: Eat spiders, scorpions, centipedes, crickets, grasshoppers and insect larva.
Authored By: Garth Teitjen